Zhejiang Province – Lighting the World

Zhejiang Province is located in the south of the Yangtze River Delta, which is on the south-eastern coast of China. Zhejiang borders the East China Sea to the east, Fujian Province to the south, the provinces of Jiangxi and Anhui to the west, and Shanghai and Jiangsu Province to the north. The name “Zhejiang” comes from the Qiantang River – the largest river in the province – as it is also called “Zhijiang” or “Zhejiang” (meaning “twisty river” in English). The province is abbreviated to “Zhe”.
A beautiful and historical province
Zhejiang is full of natural and cultural landscapes. Hangzhou, the provincial capital that hosted the 2016 G20 Summit, boasts a unique charm that integrates the past with the present. With Hangzhou’s West Lake at the centre, there are numerous scenic spots and tourist attractions all over the province, including 22 national scenic spots, four national tourist resorts, 10 national nature reserves, 30 national garden cities, 11 national wetland parks, 39 national forest parks and five national urban wetland parks.

There are nine national historical and cultural cities in Zhejiang, namely Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Quzhou, Jinhua, Linhai, Jiaxing, Huzhou and Wenzhou. The province has 20 Chinese historical and cultural towns and 28 Chinese historical and cultural villages, the highest among all provinces in the country. Zhejiang also has the most intangible cultural heritages in all four lists of national intangible cultural heritages announced by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China. Currently, Zhejiang has a total of 217 national intangible cultural heritages on the lists. The West Lake in Hangzhou, the Zhejiang section of the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal and the East Zhejiang Canal are world cultural heritages, while the Jianglang Mountain in Quzhou is a world natural heritage.
A thriving foreign economy
In 2021, Zhejiang’s value of import–export trade reached RMB4,142.9bn (a 22.4-per-cent increase over 2020; accounting for 10.6 per cent of the national total) , of which the value of exports was RMB3,012.1bn (a 19.7-per-cent increase over 2020; accounting for 13.9 per cent of the national total) and that of imports was RMB1,130.8bn (a 30.3-per-cent increase over 2020; accounting for 6.5 per cent of the national total). For the first time, Zhejiang’s value of total import–export trade ranked third in the country.

The province’s import–export trade with major markets has maintained rapid growth, among which with the EU, the US and ASEAN grew 22.3 per cent, 20.4 per cent and 22.2 per cent, respectively; with countries and regions along the Belt and Road increased by 22.9 per cent to RMB1,420bn; and with member countries of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) grew 18.5 per cent to RMB1,040bn. In addition, the composition of export commodities continues to be optimised, with the exports of electrical, mechanical and hi-tech products increasing steadily. The total exports of electrical, mechanical and hi-tech products (excluding the overlapping parts) increased by 22.5 per cent to reach RMB1,450bn. This accounted for 48.2 per cent of the province’s total export value, a 1.1-per-cent increase over the previous year.
A beaming lighting industry
There are five characteristics of Zhejiang’s lighting industry:
  1. Developing rapidly: Up until 20 years ago, Zhejiang’s lighting industry was contributing less than one per cent to the province’s GDP. However, according to recent years’ data, the lighting industry’s contribution to the production of Zhejiang’s light industrial products has reached 6.7 per cent – a solid proof that the industry has been growing by leaps and bounds.
  2. Production and value increasing steadily: The size of Zhejiang’s lighting industry is getting bigger and bigger, thanks to its continuous development and the establishment of new enterprises. Today, the industry has more than 1,000 enterprises and both its production and value have grown by dozens of times. The value of lighting enterprises above the designated size is more than RMB70bn, accounting for about 23 per cent of the industry’s total.
  3. Dare to innovate: Zhejiang’s lighting industry has come a long way from being a follower to a leader. There is a relatively large number of private enterprises in Zhejiang, which are good at recruiting talents, accessing the latest information from around the world and creating their own products.
  4. Export-oriented: Zhejiang’s lighting industry has always been mainly export-oriented. At the time when the industry was valued at RMB1.3bn, RMB900m of which were earned from exports. Currently, RMB70bn of the total value of the industry come from exports.
  5. A full spectrum of products: In the past, the province primarily produced residential lighting, followed by street lighting. Today, it offers products not just for residential use, but also for commercial environments, construction use, hospitals, classrooms, schools and more. It manufactures light sources for street lighting, landscape lighting and urban beautification, as well as for horticultural lighting, healthcare lighting, educational lighting, etc.